- The capital of the Roman Empire, traditionally founded in 753 BCE. In NT times it had a population of about one million, mostly crowded into tenements, though the wealthy lived in pleasantly heated villas. The emperor Augustus undertook a magnificent building programme for which materials were imported from Africa, Greece, and Asia Minor. Such commercial enterprise attracted to Rome a cosmopolitan mixture of customs, languages, and religions, though Greek was the language of communication. Latin was spoken only by the social élite.There were enough Jews in the city by 49 CE for the emperor Claudius to issue an edict expelling them on account of disturbances (see Acts 18:2), which probably revolved round the arrival of Christians. The latter were numerous and unpopular enough to be blamed by Nero for the calamitous fire of 64 CE, which conveniently laid waste a part of the city which he needed for his own building. The Christian community nevertheless grew and both Peter and Clement were written from Rome.
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Rome — • The significance of Rome lies primarily in the fact that it is the city of the pope Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Rome Rome † … Catholic encyclopedia
ROME — ROME, capital of Italy. The Classical Period THE MIDDLE AND LATE REPUBLIC The earliest record of contact between Jews and the Roman Republic is the embassy sent by judah the Maccabee to Rome, headed by Eupolemos ben Joḥanan, and Jason ben Eleazar … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ROME — Jusqu’au XIXe siècle, Rome fut un des principaux foyers d’art de l’Europe (pour la Rome antique, cf. ROME ET EMPIRE ROMAIN L’art). En instituant, en 1666, l’Académie de France à Rome, Colbert ne fit que sanctionner au profit des «pensionnaires»… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Rome — ist die englische und französische Schreibweise für die italienische Hauptstadt Rom ein ehemaliges französisches Département mit Sitz in Rom, siehe Rome (Département) eine alte Schreibweise für den Ort Rom (heute Ortsteil von Morsbach) der Name… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Rome — Rome, WI U.S. Census Designated Place in Wisconsin Population (2000): 574 Housing Units (2000): 236 Land area (2000): 3.938590 sq. miles (10.200900 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.205016 sq. miles (0.530989 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.143606 sq.… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
ROME — ROME, COUR DE ROME ROME, COUR DE ROME. L évêque de Rome, avant Constantin, n était aux yeux des magistrats romains, ignorants de notre sainte religion, que le chef d une faction secrète, souvent toléré par le gouvernement, et quelquefois… … Dictionnaire philosophique de Voltaire
Rome I — Regulation (593/2008/EC) Published on 04 Jul 2008 European Union REGULATION (EC) No 593/2008 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 June 2008 on the law applicable to contractual obligations (Rome I) … Law dictionary
Rome II — European Union, United Kingdom The Rome regulation on the law applicable to non contractual obligations (Rome II) ( … Law dictionary
Rome — O.E., from O.Fr. Rome, from L. Roma, of uncertain origin. The original Roma quadrata was the fortified enclosure on the Palatine hill, according to Tucker, who finds no probability in derivation from *sreu flow, and suggests the name is most… … Etymology dictionary
Rome — Rome s political decline began with the establishment of Constantinople (q.v.), referred to as New Rome, in 324. The Visigoths (q.v.) pillaged Rome in 410, as did the Vandals (q.v.) in 455. It changed hands during Justinian I s war against the … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Rome — ☆ Rome1 n. [after Rome Township, S Ohio, where first grown] a somewhat tart, red winter apple: in full Rome Beauty or Rome Rome2 [rōm] [L Roma, of Etr orig.] capital of Italy, on the Tiber River: formerly, the capital of the Roman Republic, the… … English World dictionary